There are two main types of solar energy technologies—photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP).

You're likely most familiar with PV, which is utilized in panels.

When the sun shines onto a solar panel, photons from the sunlight are absorbed by the cells in the panel,

which creates an electric field across the layers and causes electricity to flow.

Polycrystalline

Momocrystalline